The Simpsons has always been great at sneaking pop culture references into its episodes, to the point that we often find ourselves hit with a pang of déjà vu upon watching classic films or TV episodes for the first time.
That really familiar scene or visual? You think you’ve already seen it because you have already seen it, in a Simpsons episode that probably aired before you were old enough to watch the original.
Don’t believe us? Check out the thread below – there are so many references there, some of which you probably didn’t even realise were references.
While regular episodes are packed with references, it’s often even more visible in the ‘Treehouse of Horror’ Halloween specials, with most of the anthologies recalling horror classics – or classics in general. That’s before you get onto the myriad Twilight Zone nods which come with the territory.
Some are made obvious in segment titles like ‘I Know What You Diddly-Iddly Did’ or ‘Citizen Kang’, but others are a little more subtle.
Here are 10 of The Simpsons’ best Treehouse of Horror references, along with a bit about the original.
1. Marge’s Introduction (Treehouse of Horror I)
What better place to start than right at the very beginning, where Marge steps out on stage to warn us about the Halloween special we’re about to watch. The first time you watched it, you might not have considered it too out of character to give it a second thought.
However, it is based on this introduction to Frankenstein – given by actor Edward van Sloan – in which viewers are told they can leave the screening if they don’t feel they have the disposition for such a film.
2. ‘Clown Without Pity’ (Treehouse of Horror III)
In the opening segment of ‘Treehouse of Horror III’, Homer buys a Krusty the Clown doll for Bart which turns out to be cursed. Well, we say ‘turned out’ – we’re warned of this early on, but perhaps Homer was too distracted by the thought of potassium benzoate to compute the first part of the message from the shopkeeper who sells him the doll.
That shopkeeper? Well he just so happens to bear a very striking resemblance to Mr Wing, the owner of the store from which Gremlins character Randall Peltzer buys a pet Mogwai for his son. Should have known not to trust him, frogurt or no frogurt.
3. ‘Clown Without Pity’ (again)
There’s more than one reference in ‘Clown Without Pity’, though. After Homer disposes of the cursed doll, you can see it clinging to the undercarriage of the car, much like in a famous scene from 1991 film Cape Fear.
If you’re thinking that’s doubly familiar, it’s because The Simpsons used the gag twice. In the season five episode ‘Cape Feare’ (yeah, we know), famous for Homer’s struggles to adapt to his new name when put into witness protection, the villainous Sideshow Bob embarks on a similar car-clinging trick, only to be stung by a shortcut through a cactus patch.
4. ‘Dial Z for Zombies’ (Treehouse of Horror III)
The third and final segment in the episode involves Bart and Lisa accidentally raising the dead after trying to merely revive their dead cat Snowball I, but the Dial M for Murder reference in the title isn’t the only pop culture element.
Take a closer look at Bart as he casts the spell. Is that a record on his head? Not just any record – it’s Michael Jackson’s ‘Thriller’, the video to which is notorious for its graveyard setting and zombie theme.
5. The Devil and Homer Simpson (Treehouse of Horror IV)
Yes, the main premise – or at least the title – is a riff on The Devil and Daniel Webster. However, there’s also a nod to Fantasia in the segment where it is revealed Ned Flanders is the (non-canonical) devil.
When Homer claims to be smarter than the devil, Satan rises up in a new form – one which you might find familiar.
6. The Raven (Treehouse of Horror I)
On the surface, the final part of the first ‘Treehouse of Horror’ episode is just a straight reading of Edgar Allan Poe’s classic poem of the same name, but there’s a little more to it than meets the eye.
Those books which fall off the shelves towards the end of the segment? They’re fellow Poe classics The Pit and the Pendulum, The Tell-Tale Heart (which you’ll probably also remember from the episode ‘Lisa’s Rival’) and The Purloined Letter, while the vessel by Homer’s chair at the start recalls another of the author’s works, The Cask of Amontillado.
7. Lisa’s Nightmare (Treehouse of Horror II)
The second Treehouse of Horror episode, which also features a (curtailed) Frankenstein-related introduction from Marge, sees the Simpson family have very detailed nightmares after gorging themselves on Halloween candy.
Lisa is up first, with her nightmare drawing on the decades-old short story ‘The Monkey’s Paw’, but there’s also a nice touch with an allusion to Midnight Express as Homer is stopped at a Moroccan airport trying to smuggle souvenirs out of the country. Compare and contrast.
8. Citizen Kang (Treehouse of Horror VII)
Yes, the title is a Citizen Kane reference, but there’s also a nod to Earth vs the Flying Saucers in the 1996 episode.
It occurs when Homer flies a spaceship into the US Capitol building, mimicking a similar scene from the 1950s film.
9. Easy Bake Coven (Treehouse of Horror VIII)
Set in the 17th century, this olde tyme look at Springfield (or Sprynge Fylde) draws on plenty of witch-based cultural artifacts of years gone by, but there’s also a more subtle, blink-and-you’ll-miss-it element.
In the town meeting scene, as Marge is accused of witchcraft, you see the famously promiscuous Mrs Krabappel marked with a scarlet letter, in reference to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s 1940s-set novel of the same name.
10. Couch Gag (Treehouse of Horror X)
OK, this is where things get meta, with the couch gag featuring callbacks to previous ‘Treehouse of Horror’ episodes in which members of the Simpson family take different forms.
You have Homer as a jack-in-the-box (‘Treehouse of Horror II’), Marge as a witch (‘Treehouse of Horror VIII’), Maggie as the alien spawn of Kang (‘Treehouse of Horror IX’) and Bart as the creature from ‘Treehouse of Horror VIII’ segment ‘Fly vs Fly’.