Best hip hop albums of all time: classic hip-hop albums revealed
The best rap albums of all time - including Nas, Wu-tang, Dre and more.
It's the perfect time to celebrate the best hip hop albums and the best rap albums of all time. In 2023, hip-hop hits the grand old age of 50.
It began with a birthday party in the recreation room of an apartment building, 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, in the west Bronx, New York City, hosted by Clive Campbell, also known as DJ Kool Herc. Today it's home to some of the most vital, culturally relevant music in the world.
UPDATE: We have updated our best hip-hop albums list to add five new, classic entries. It felt wrong not to represent the old-school with some Ultramagnetic MCs and Kool G Rap. We've also added some '90s classics form Big Punisher, DJ Shadow and the ever-brilliant Brit, Roots Manuva.
usical art forms than by rounding up the definitive 40 greatest hip hop albums of all time?
Remember to vote to get your top album to number one you can submit unmissables we may have missed below.
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Best hip hop albums
1. Illmatic: NasView at Amazon
Despite being home to groups like Wu-Tang Clan and A Tribe Called Quest, New York appeared distinctly second best to the sounds emanating from California in 1994. All that changed with the release of Nasir Jones’s debut album, the iconic Illmatic. With production duties served by DJ Premier and Large Professor, Nas’s rhymes reflected upon ghetto life in the Big Apple. Raw, powerful and unforgettable, Illmatic opened the doors for a new generation of MCs to burst through. Speaking of which…
Key track: NY State of Mind
Image Credit: Columbia Records
2. To Pimp A Butterfly: Kendrick Lamar
Kendrick Lamar is up there with the greatest rappers of all time. The speed he can spout his lyrics is unparalleled, as is the clarity with which you hear them. There’s a rhythm in his rhyming that has been missing in hip hop’s latter years. Here, his third album, he perfects perfection. The likes of King Kunta are crowd pleasers, a raging funk masterclass named after the main character in Roots. He’s angry and he has every right to be. Then there’s the poetic For Free? that sounds like nothing else. There’s chaos throughout, punctuated by moments of beauty and Thundercat’s ever-present bass. But you never know what you are going to get with each track which is fine by us.
Image Credit: Top Dawg Entertainment
3. Enter The Wu-Tang (36 Chambers): Wu-Tang ClanView at Amazon
Released on the same day as Midnight Marauders, the Wu-Tang Clan’s debut album was arguably the most important hip hop album of the Nineties. It not only introduced the world to a collection of colourful characters, but redefined the sonic language of hip hop. RZA’s production was sparse, pieced together with esoteric samples and dialogue from kung fu movies, while the raps from Method Man, Ol Dirty Bastard, GZA, Chef Raekwon, Ghostface Killah et al were incendiary.
Key track: Protect Ya Neck
Image Credit: Loud Records
4. Madvillainy: MadvillainView at Amazon
Underground hip hop was in rude health at the turn of the millennium. The likes of Cannibal Ox, Quasimoto, Aesop Rock and co were producing inventive music that was raw, wry and futuristic. The collaboration between MF Doom (RIP) and Madlib was certainly in the same vein. A hypnotic take on hip hop it melded the duo’s distinctive talents – Doom’s cerebral raps and Madlib’s unconventional beat – into something both charming and mystical.
Key track: America’s Most Blunted
Image Credit: Stones Throw Records
5. Ready To Die: Notorious BIGView at Amazon
It’s a shame that today The Notorious B.I.G. is known as much for his role in the unfortunate East Coast/West Coast rap wars of the mid-Nineties. He was one of the greatest rappers of all time. A vital release in New York’s move towards hardcore gangsta rap, Biggie’s storytelling skills are to the fore on tracks like Juicy, Gimme The Loot and Things Done Changed. The mind boggles as to what Biggie could have achieved if he wasn’t senselessly lost in 1997.
Key track: Juicy
Image Credit: Bad Boy Records
6. The Chronic: Dr DreView at Amazon
Not to be outdone by his former protégé Ice Cube, Dr. Dre didn’t take long to release another landmark album by an N.W.A. alumni. Not only was The Chronic acclaimed immediately, it ushered in a new sound within hip hop – G-funk. Instantly recognisable due to the use of synthesisers and an all-encompassing bass, it made a solo star of Dre, and introduced his latest rap ward to the world: Snoop Doggy Dogg.
Key track: Nuthin’ but a ‘G’ Thang
Image Credit: Interscope Records
7. All Eyez On Me: 2PacView at Amazon
Hip hop double albums aren’t generally worth the entrance fee. All Eyez On Me changed all that. After a spell inside, 2Pac was focused and angry ahead of his magnum opus. This attitude was channelled into 27 tracks of sparkling virtuosity. The thug life with which he had previously flirted with is wholeheartedly embraced and the result is an epic record of G-funk and gangsta rap that managed to take on the mainstream. And win.
Key track: California Love (Remix)
Image Credit: Interscope Records
8. The Marshall Mathers LP: EminemView at Amazon
The notion of a credible white rapper was a joke for eons – not helped by Vanilla Ice. All that changed with Eminem. A confrontational, provocative and sardonic wordsmith – and another protégé of Dr. Dre – he released three classic albums on the spin in the late-Nineties and early-Noughties. It was the middle release – The Marshall Mathers LP – that captured the witty, irreverent and rebellious spirit best.
Key track: The Real Slim Shady
Image Credit: Aftermath Entertainment
9. Straight Outta Compton: N.W.A.View at Amazon
If Public Enemy was hip hop’s militant conscience, NWA (or Niggaz With Attitudes to give them their correct uncompromising moniker) were the hoodlum wing. Their debut album was a brazen example of six individuals who didn’t give a f**k. From the brutal opening triptych of songs (Straight Outta Compton, F**k Tha Police and Gangsta) to the groovy Express Yourself this was indeed a riotous display of street knowledge.
Key track: Straight Outta Compton
Image Credit: Ruthless Records
10. The College Dropout: Kanye WestView at Amazon
Today Kanye West is known for his bizarre celebrity lifestyle as much as his music (and that still rocks by the way), but a decade ago, West was a serious underground hip hop icon. Having breathed new fire into Jay-Z with his production work on The Blueprint, West’s true calling was rapping himself. If there were doubts he could match his Roc-a-Fella employer there were quickly dispelled with the release of The College Dropout. A vivacious album dripping in hooks and cheeky raps, it set in motion the merry-go-round that West still expertly deals in to this day.
Key track: Through The Wire
Image Credit: Roc‐A‐Fella Records
11. The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill: Lauryn HillView at Amazon
After Fugees disbanded in 1997, few could have predicted what was to follow. Granted, it was obvious in Lauryn Hill the trio had a sparkling talent, but even the most ardent admirers must have been shocked by her first solo album. Mixing classic soul with a reinvigorated R’n’B and leaning on her hip hop roots, The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill was another crossover success.
Key track: Doo Wop (That Thing)
Image Credit: Ruffhouse Records
12. The Infamous: Mobb Deep
The Infamous is hip-hop by candlelight. It’s packed with stripped-bare beats, stark piano, the screeches of the city in the background. Samples are used but muffled as if the album had to be made in hiding. It’s gangster rap but run through Queensbridge slang, the closest an album has got to the feeling The Wire gave us when we first watched it. Havoc and Prodigy are two of the greatest rappers, with the likes of Q-Tip and Raekwon coming along for the ride. We dare you to hear first the snare, then the bass of Shook Ones, Pt.II without getting shivers. Stunning stuff.
Image Credit: Loud Records
13. Midnight Marauders: A Tribe Called QuestView at Amazon
Of all the acts beloved of the rap fraternity that coalesce around the head-nodding sound of ‘backpack hip hop’, A Tribe Called Quest are the most cherished. In truth, we could have chosen two other ATCQ albums in this spot – 1991’s The Low End Theory is another stone cold classic – but Midnight Marauders elevated Q-Tip, Phife Dawg and co to legendary status. Their jazz-rap fusions were nothing new, but this was them working at the top of their game.
Key track: Award Tour
Image Credit: Jive Records
14. Doggystyle: Snoop DoggView at Amazon
There must have been something in the air in November 1993. Two weeks after ATCQ and the Killer Bees released their era-defining sets, a cocky tyro mentored by Dr. Dre released his debut set. Then known as Snoop Doggy Dogg, Doggystyle was another landmark record. Coated in G-funk finery, Doggystyle opened up a portal into a horizontal West Coast world of weed, sunshine and unforgettable grooves.
Key track: Gin And Juice
Image Credit: DeathRow Records
15. Reasonable Doubt: Jay-ZView at Amazon
Today, Jay-Z is the biggest active hip hop star. In 1996 he was just another aspiring rapper who, to use his parlance, had led a hard knock life on the streets of New York. This hustle was the backbone of his awesome debut set. Featuring the likes of Can’t Knock The Hustle, Brooklyn’s Finest and Dead Presidents II, it was a stunning combination of frontline reportage and frankly ice cool rhymes. A star had been born.
Key track: Dead Presidents II
Image Credit: Priority Records
16. Paid In Full: Eric B & RakimView at Amazon
The first golden age of hip hop was kick-started by the art form’s standout DJ/MC pairing, Eric B and Rakim. A master class in breaks, beats and rhymes, Paid In Full laid down the gauntlet to thousands of wannabe crate digging producers and rappers. Standout tracks include the title track (soon to be remixed into sonic nirvana by Coldcut), Eric B Is President and I Know You Got Soul.
Key track: Paid In Full
Image Credit: label 4th & B'way Records
17. Get Rich Or Die Tryin': 50 CentView at Amazon
Get Rich Or Die Tryin’ arrived in a blaze of glory in early 2003. Thankfully, amid the hype there was a classic album to back up all the verbals. In Da Club was the worldwide smash that’s still infectious today, but this was just one high (literally) among a cavalcade of hip hop anthems. What Up Gangsta sets the scene – placing Fiddy in the lineage of Biggie/Nas/Jigga – while Many Men (Wish Death) and High All The Time ensure the taut pace is never broken.
Key track: In Da Club
Image Credit: Aftermath Entertainment
18. It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back: Public EnemyView at Amazon
If, as Chuck D has repeatedly stated, rap is the black CNN, Public Enemy’s second album was their revolutionary state of the nation address. The stark, eerie music bordered on the nihilist, while its doubtful anyone has used hip hop to shine an unwelcoming light on America’s manifold ills in the manner of Chuck D before or since. Don’t believe the hype? One listen to these rebels without a pause will cause you to reconsider.
Key track: Bring The Noise
Image Credit: Def Jam
19. Black On Both Sides: Mos DefView at Amazon
Thanks to his work with De La Soul and his Black Star collaborative album with Talib Kweli, anticipation on the underground hip hop scene was high ahead of Mos Def’s debut solo set. After the release of Black on Both Sides, however, it wasn’t just the underground that appreciated the charismatic character born Dante Smith (and who now goes by the name of Yasiin Boy). A politically aware album, but one that piles on the infectious beats and effervescent rhymes, Black on Both Sides was confirmation that Mos Def was one of the most talented stars pushing hip hop forward ahead of the new millennium.
Key track: Ms Fat Booty
Image Credit: Rawkus; Priority
20. The Score: FugeesView at Amazon
Fugees were inescapable in 1996. The trio – Wyclef Jean, Pras Michel and Lauryn Hill – had made some waves on the underground with their first album, Blunted On Reality, but with The Score everything changed. Hip hop gone pop, without conceding to the mainstream, The Score catapulted Fugees and their conscious songs to stardom. Some complained there were too many covers (Killing Me Softly and No Woman, No Cry among them), but when they sounded this fresh and vital, that was just purist posturing.
Key track: Ready Or Not
Image Credit: Columbia Records
21. Only Built 4 Cuban Linx: Raekwon
A concept album that takes Wu-tang alumni Raekwon and Ghostface Killah into Mafiosa territory. Only Built 4 Cuban Linx is a stunning, cinematic album that is up there with Wu-tang's best work. Although it’s strictly Raekwon’s debut, Ghostface is everywhere on this and all the better for it - just listen to Criminology to hear the lyrical swordplay at work.
Image Credit: RCA
22. Death Certificate: Ice CubeView at Amazon
Given the strong personalities at play in N.W.A. it wasn’t surprising Ice Cube’s departure from the group was acrimonious. He poured his vitriol into his solo releases. This reached an apogee on his second album, Death Certificate. An unapologetic treatise at the state of things at the start of the fin de siècle, it was both coruscating and visionary, and not without controversy. The furore surrounding its release might have lessened in the intervening years. Its power most certainly hasn’t.
Key track: No Vaseline
Image Credit: Priority Records
23. 3 Feet High & Rising: De La SoulView at Amazon
Despite what the likes of Public Enemy, N.W.A and 2 Live Crew might have suggested otherwise, not everyone involved in hip hop in the late Eighties was angry. De La Soul, alongside the likes of The Jungle Brothers and A Tribe Called Quest (along with others known as the Native Tongues Posse), were the polar opposite – they were Afrocentric urban hippies pushing a sunshine-soaked vision of hip hop named the Daisy Age. Their debut album was a joyous mixture of soft rock samples, hilarious skits and psychedelic rhymes. It’s positive attitude chimed perfectly with the loved-up acid house era in which it was produced.
Key track: Me Myself and I
Image Credit: Tommy Boy
24. Paul’s Boutique: Beastie BoysView at Amazon
Licensed To Ill might have introduced the world to the Beastie Boys, but following its release the trio were routinely dismissed as brattish frat rappers. Paul’s Boutique, released nearly three years, showed otherwise, demonstrating that Mike D, Ad-Rock and MCA really did have the skills to pay the bills. Criminally ignored upon release – probably because it wasn’t Licensed To Ill Part 2 - it is now recognised for what it is: a multi-layered hip hop masterpiece.
Key track: Shake Your Rump
Image Credit: Capitol Records
25. Speakerboxx / The Love Below: OutkastView at Amazon
OutKast’s Speakerboxx/The Love Below is one of the most audacious moments in hip hop’s rich history. A double album – in essence two solo albums by Andre 3000 and Big Boi – it takes in everything from G-funk to pop, Southern soul to blues, electronica to rock. In this sense it’s everything the artform of hip hop started out as – a cultural sponge imbibing the best that music has to offer. An in Hey Ya! They had the kind of worldwide hit that every musician would die for.
Key track: Hey Ya!
Image Credit: Arista Records
26. Supreme Clientele: Ghostface Killah
After proving to the world that he was one of the best lyricists and rappers around, thanks to his marvelous verses on 36 Chambers, Only Built For Cuban Lynx and his debut Iron Man, Ghostface Killah’s sophomore effort is an absolute wonder. Ghostface weaves grit and candour, stupidity and absurdity into his tracks with ease - offering up gold-gilded hip-hop album that still resonates today. Just listed to Malcolm to hear this.
Image Credit: Epic Records
27. Run DMC: Run DMCView at Amazon
Yes, The Sugarhill Gang and Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five had taken hip hop into the mainstream, but Jam Master Jay, D.M.C. and Rev Run were the first group to properly legitimise it with the release of bona fide classic albums. Their self-titled longplayer was a confrontational fusillade of minimal electro, crunching beats and mesmeric rhymes, as exemplified by It’s Like That, Sucker M.C.s, Rock Box and Hard Times.
Key track: Hard Times
Image Credit: Profile Records
28. Cypress HIll: Cypress HillView at Amazon
Alongside De La Soul and Beastie Boys, Cypress Hill were one of the first hip hop acts to crossover to a predominantly white rock crowd. Given their music was designed to reflect (and even enhance) the slacker habit of smoking weed this perhaps wasn’t surprising. But Cypress Hill’s debut album is no curious novelty – the music is withdrawn, almost as if it’s not there, while B Real’s imaginative rhymes were at once unclear and sardonic. It was a combination that would sell more on 1993’s Black Sunday, but this was the apex of Cypress Hill’s multi-racial creativity.
Key track: How I Could Just Kill A Man
Image Credit: Columbia Records
29. Be: CommonView at Amazon
Throughout the nineties and early noughties Common ploughed a very unique and idiosyncratic furrow – that of the thoughtful and conscientious rapper. He hit commercial paydirt on his sixth album, Be. Utilising the production work of Kanye West and underground icon J Dilla, Common created a completely unified piece of work on Be. This was the sound of hip hop reflecting upon itself – hence the jazzy backbone and soulful tenor of Common’s voice. The result was magnificent.
Key track: GO!
Image Credit: Geffen Records
30. Labcabincalifornia: The PharcydeView at Amazon
Thankfully, it wasn’t all braggadocio in hip hop in the mid-Nineties. Los Angeles four-piece The Pharcyde followed their mesmeric debut, Bizarre Ride II The Pharcyde, with another lesson in irreverent sonic adventure. The jazzy, soporific vibes of Runnin’ recalled kindred spirits A Tribe Called Quest, while the inventive Drop (with an equally original video from Spike Jonze) displayed a steely experimental edge. The group would fall apart after this release with Fatlip leaving, but this was some parting gift.
Key track: Runnin’
Image Credit: Delicious Vinyl
31. Entroducing: DJ Shadow
DJ Shadow was influenced by the scratch DJs of the past. He's the ultimate crate digger, finding amazing hooks from the most obscure records and creating a rich cut-and-paste tapestry out of them. Entroducing is his masterpiece and while he has, quite rightly, shied away from recreating the sound of the album for future releases it remains a high point of hip-hop and turntablism that still sounds fresh today.
32. Critical Beatdown: Ultramagnetic MCsBuy now from Amazon
Filled with fantastic off-beat samples, silky rhyming and, of course, the genius that is Kool Keith this is an album way before its time and one that still sounds utterly inventive today. It's hard to think that Critical Breakdown is some 35 years old now, an album that's influenced everyone from Public Enemy to Beastie Boys.
Image Credit: Next Plateau
33. Wanted: Dead Or Alive: Kool G. Rap and DJ Polo
Over 30 years old and lost none of its shine, you'd be forgiven in thinking that Wanted: Dead Or Alive was a chilled album, with its laid back Streets Of New York opener. How wrong you would be, though, with the ferocious title track hitting you with a ferocity of spittle-filled rap from Kool G Rap and it doesn't let up from there. There are echoes of Gangsta Rap here, for good and bad, but what can't be denied is the lyrical quality on show and when the beats work they really work.
Image Credit: Cold Chillin'/Warner Bros. Records
34. Brand New Second Hand: Roots Manuva
While grime has finally established British rap on a global level, UK hip-hop in the 90s never quite reached the heights of what was happening in the US at the time. That is except for Roots Manuva who didn't shy away from being British in his rhymes: he didn't hide his accent, or exaggerate his situation to proto-gangsta rap levels. His rapping on Brand New Second Hand is not 'mo money, mo problems' more 'normal money, normal problems'. All of this is accompanied by big bass and sparse beats, echoing a cold rainy day on the streets of Brixton and highlighting Manuva's pristine rapping.
35. Capital Punishment: Big Pun
It may be a little skit-heavy but if you can forgive the (we presume) faux sex noises and other nonsensical moments, the tracks that make up Capital Punishment are just sublime, framing the impeccable rhyming talent of the late Big Pun. This was the only album released when he was alive and it just proves that he would have gone on to become one of the greatest rappers alive.
Image Credit: RCA / Loud
36. The Fix: ScarfaceView at Amazon
Not many musicians release their defining work seven albums in. Even less so in the frenetic world of hip hop where youthful bravado generally trumps maturity every time. But then Scarface is different. An astute businessman as well as recording artist, he knows his audience inside out, being able to give them what they want. And The Fix is the arch example of that. A lurid trip into the rags’n’riches lifestyle of hip hop hustlers, it’s a high octane ride from start to finish.
Key track: In Cold Blood
Image Credit: Island Def Jam
37. The Sun Rises In The East: Jeru The Damaja
There are few who can beat Jeru The Damaja when it comes to rhyming style. He’s clear, concise, his lyrics are bent to a beat and enunciated to perfection, sometimes pausing mid sentence to make sure you are listening. That’s because he really wants you to understand what he has to say. If ever there was a lyric that still resonates, it’s this one from D. Original: “Dirty, because of the skin I’m in, the fact I have melanin, automatically, makes me a felon”. And the album is packed with these; social commentary mixed with science and philosophy, tackling race and even misogyny which is a rare thing in hip hop. Then, again, Jeru is a rare thing as well.
Image Credit: PayDay Records
38. Jurassic 5: Jurassic 5View at Amazon
Those bored by the gangsta rap heyday of the mid-Nineties found much succor in the backpack underground sounds that began to emerge in the later part of that decade. Company Flow represented New York’s wild experimental edge, while on the other side of America, Jurassic 5, with their emphasis on turntablism, were all about recalling the likes of De La Soul. On Jayou, Concrete Schoolyard and Lesson 6: The Lecture, the six-piece pleasingly put a smile back on the face of hip hop.
Key track: Concrete Schoolyard
Image credit: Interscope
39. Let's Get Free: Dead PrezView at Amazon
Upon release, Let’s Get Free was rightly acclaimed as a clarion call for righteous and political hip hop – not for nothing were the duo of stic.man and M-1 lauded as the most revolutionary rap outfit since Public Enemy. And while Let’s Get Free is a bombastic and unrepentant call to arms, there are lighter touches too, displaying that sometimes subtlety is just as powerful as an iron fist.
Key track: Hip hop
Image Credit: Loud Records
40. Food & Liquor: Lupe FiascoView at Amazon
Hip hop isn’t short of the odd cocksure character or seven, and in Lupe Fiasco the most brazen of musical genres gained another confident young man upon the release of Food & Liquor. Fiasco’s debut album it displayed the nous of a man wise beyond his 24 years. Reminiscent of Kanye West’s The College Dropout, there was a pop sheen to these urbane stories of sex and aspirational stardom. Two things Fiasco wouldn’t be short of from here on in.
Key track: Kick, Push
Image Credit: Atlantic Records